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Diagnosis and management of abnormal frenulum attachments. Supernumerary teeth. Part of full orthodontics dentistry course
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Orthodontic treatment of hypodontia and eruption problems
This course will take you from zero to hero of the following orthodontic topics: Orthodontic management of hypodontia; Orthodontic management of supernumerary teeth; Diagnosis and management of abnormal frenulum attachments; Early detection and treatment of eruption problems. Here are the main headlines that this course covers: Orthodontic management of hypodontia1. Definitions2. Etiology2.1 Genetic factors2.2 Environmental factors: AllergyFacial traumaMaternal medications during pregnancyEndocrine disturbancesMaternal health during pregnancyMaternal rubella (German measles) during pregnancyEvolutionary dental changesLocalized inflammation and infection during the initial stage of tooth formationSystemic conditions (rickets, syphilis)Dysplastic syndromes (ectodermal dysplasia) and abnormalities of the ectodermal structures (discussed later in this chapter)Chemotherapy and irradiation2.3 Association of Hypodontia with Dental Anomalies3. Effects of hypodontia on occlusion4. Treatment4.1 Management of Missing Lateral IncisorsSpace closure by canine substitutionSpace creation and alignment for a prosthesisAutotransplantation4.2 Management of Missing Mandibular Second PremolarsSpace openingSpace closureOrthodontic management of supernumerary teeth1. Prevalence2. Etiology3. Odontoma4. Dentigerous Cyst5. Classification of Supernumerary Teeth6. Ectopic Eruption of Supernumerary Teeth7. Late Development of Supernumerary Teeth8. Effect of Hyperdontia on Occlusion9. Management9.1 Early detection and removal9.2 Early detection and observation9.3 Late detection and management9.4 Late development of new supernumerary teethDiagnosis and management of abnormal frenulum attachments1. Prevalence2. Etiology of Midline Diastema2.1 Lateral incisor hypodontia2.2 Microdontia of maxillary lateral incisors (peg-shaped lateral incisors)2.3 Presence of mesiodens or odontoma2.4 Deleterious oral habits2.5 Muscle imbalance (lip dysfunction)2.6 Impinging deep bite2.7 Anterior Bolton discrepancy2.8 Pathologic tooth migration3. Effects of Abnormal Frenum Attachment on Occlusion4. Differential Diagnosis of Abnormal Frenum5. Clinical and radiographic signs of true abnormal frenum6. Management in adults7. Early treatment procedures8. Management during the primary dentition9. Management in infants10. Frenectomy procedure11. Ankyloglossia (Tongue-Tie)Early detection and treatment of eruption problems1. Phases of Tooth Eruption2. Mechanisms of Eruptive Tooth Movement3. Permanent teeth eruption- Factors That Can Disturb Tooth Eruption4. Types of Eruption Disturbance4.1 Disruptions in timing Delayed tooth eruption- Etiology- Diagnosis- Treatment Early exfoliation of primary teeth and premature eruption of permanent teeth- Etiology Failure of eruption (PFE and secondary failure of eruption)- Etiology- Treatment Retarded tooth development Abnormal sequence of eruption- Eruption of the second molars before the premolars- Eruption of the maxillary canines before the premolars- Eruption of the mandibular first premolars before the canines- Eruption of the maxillary canines before the first premolars- Eruption of the maxillary second molars before the mandibular second molars- Eruption of the maxillary lateral incisors before the central incisors- Asymmetric eruption in the left and right sides of the arch4.2 Disruptions in position are: Ectopic eruption- Prevalence- Etiology- Treatment- Distalization appliances Transposition- Classification- Incindence- Etiology- Diagnosis- Treatment ImpactionMaxillary canine impactation- Incidence- Ethiology- Diagnosis- TreatmentMandibular canine impactation Ankylosis- Incidence- Etiology- Diagnosis- Treatment
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